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Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase regulates glycolysis through mobilization of Aldolase A from the actin cytoskeleton

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Background

Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase (PI3K) has been shown to modulate multiple steps in glucose uptake and metabolism through activation of the protein kinase, AKT. In order to dissect the contributions of PI3K-pathway components, we examined the effects of specific enzyme inhibitors on the regulation of glycolysis.

Methods

We measured reduction of NAD to NADH, occurring at the GAPDH step, as a read-out for glycolysis in living cells; mass spectroscopy to determine the relative abundance of glycolytic metabolites in breast cell cultures and in a mouse model of breast cancer; immunoblotting and confocal live cell microscopy to delineate the intracellular signaling cascade downstream from PI3K and a spectrophotometric assay to determine Aldolase activity.

Results

In breast epithelial cells PI3K-, but not AKT-, SGK- or mTOR-inhibitors cause a significant decrease in glycolysis at the step catalyzed by Aldolase A. We show that growth factors stimulate Aldolase A release from the actin cytoskeleton and an increase in cellular Aldolase activity in a PI3K dependent manner. The mobilization and activation of Aldolase is dependent on Rac1-catalyzed phosphorylation of p-21 activated kinase (PAK) and subsequent mobilization of the actin cytoskeleton.

Conclusions

This newly identified AKT- and mTOR-independent role of PI3K in controlling glucose metabolism has important implications in regard to utilization of PI3K pathway inhibitors for treatment of epithelial cancers.

Author information

Correspondence to Gerburg M Wulf.

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Keywords

  • Actin Cytoskeleton
  • Aldolase
  • PI3K Pathway
  • Breast Epithelial Cell
  • Spectrophotometric Assay