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Table 1 Clinicopathological characteristics of the study population according to gender

From: Association between visceral adiposity and DDX11 as a predictor of aggressiveness of small clear-cell renal-cell carcinoma: a prospective clinical trial

   Total (n = 200)   Men (n = 153; 76.5%)   Women (n = 47; 23.5%)   P
Median age (range)   52.0 (43.0–60.8)   50.0 (42.0–54.0)   66.0 (60.0–68.0)   < 0.001
Median tumor size (cm) (range)   2.0 (1.4–2.9)   2.0 (1.4–2.8)   2.1 (1.4–3.6)   0.275
Median BMI (kg/m2) (range)   24.8 (23.5–27.7)   26.7 (24.2–28.6)   23.0 (21.9–24.2)   < 0.001
Median TAT (mm2) (range)   29,205 (24,937–37,647)   31,005 (26,140–39,174)   26,400 (20,232–27,316)   < 0.001
Median SAT (mm2) (range)   13,268 (10,127–17,695)   13,422 (10,127–18,016)   13,268 (11,218–17,042)   0.609
Median VAT (mm2) (range)   15,982 (11,302–19,879)   18,244 (14,495–20,584)   10,176 (4626–14,048)   < 0.001
Median VAT% (range)   51.4 (42.9–62.5)   55.0 (48.5–64.4)   40.7 (31.8–51.4)   < 0.001
No. comorbid conditions, n (%)         
Hypertension   72 (36.0%)   46 (30.1%)   26 (55.3%)   0.002
Hypercholesterolemia   16 (8.0%)   8 (5.2%)   8 (17.0%)   0.026
Diabetes   20 (10.0%)   11 (7.2%)   9 (19.1%)   0.025
No. smoking status, n (%)         
Never   75 (37.5%)   28 (18.3%)   47 (100.0%)   < 0.001
Former   70 (35.0%)   70 (45.8%)   0 (0.0%)  
Current   55 (27.5%)   55 (35.9%)   0 (0.0%)  
No. alcohol status, n (%)         
Never   69 (34.5%)   30 (19.6%)   39 (83.0%)   < 0.001
Former   40 (20.0%)   40 (26.1%)   0 (0.0%)  
Current   91 (45.5%)   83 (54.2%)   8 (17.0%)  
No. ISUP grade, n (%)         
Low-grade (1–2)   116 (58.0%)   105 (68.6%)   11 (23.4%)   < 0.001
High-grade (3–4)   84 (42.0%)   48 (31.4%)   36 (76.6%)  
  1. Data are presented as medians (interquartile ranges) for continuous variables and as percentage for categorical variables. P values from the chi-square test or Fisher's exact test were used to calculate mean differences for categorical variables and those from Wilcoxon test were used to calculate mean differences for continuous variables. BMI body mass index, SAT subcutaneous adipose tissue, TAT total adipose tissue, VAT visceral adipose tissue, VAT% percentage of visceral adipose tissue