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Table 1 Metabolites detected in 10 μl cell culture medium measured by GC-MS

From: Fast exchange fluxes around the pyruvate node: a leaky cell model to explain the gain and loss of unlabelled and labelled metabolites in a tracer experiment

Metabolite DMEM DMEM and serum HPDE cells PDAC cells
Lactate + +++ +++
Pyruvate + + +++ +++
Succinate + +
2-oxoglutarate + + ++
Malate ++ + ++
Citrate +++ + ++
Glycerol + +++ + ++
Alanine + ++ ++
Aspartate + + +
Glutamate + ++ ++
Glutamine + ++ + +
Glycine + + + ++
Serine + + + +
Proline + + ++
  1. Concentrations were scored qualitatively with “+”, “++” and “+++” to show relative quantity. Metabolites with peak area less than 5 % of the largest peak are marked with “−”